The goal of Maternal/Child Health is to improve the health and well-being of women, infants, children and families, according to Healthy People 2020.
Pregnancy and childbirth can have a huge impact on the physical, mental, emotional and socioeconomic health of women and their families.
Many factors can affect pregnancy and childbirth, including: preconception health status, age, poverty and access to appropriate healthcare.
Pregnancy can provide an opportunity to identify existing health risks in women and to prevent future health problems for women and their children. These health risks may include:
- Hypertension and heart disease
- Genetic conditions
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Tobacco use and alcohol abuse
- Inadequate nutrition
- Unhealthy weight